“We are making public”……… “We are fighting for the world to live up to its historic responsibility,” said president Sarkozy.
The French President Nicolas Sarkozy and President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva of Brazil, presented on Saturday a joint text – “a climate bible’ according to Lula, which urge rich industrialised countries to cut emissions of greenhouse gases by at least 80 percent from their 1990 levels by 2050.
The final objective in the text is a “global reduction of at least 50 percent by 2050 compared with 1990″ of greenhouse gases worldwide. The two leaders called on emerging economies to contribute by seeking low carbon growth with “new and substantial financial support” from the rich countries.
“This is a collective responsibility” said president Sarkozy.
They also said that the United States and China had to show more boldness in accepting commitments in Copenhagen. “We cannot allow President Obama and President Hu Jintao to celebrate an accord which only takes the economic realities of their two countries into account,” Lula said.
The two countries also agreed on the creation of a global environmental organisation, which could be set up by 2012.
It seems that the leaders around the world have realised the impacts that climate change would have to their nations, and regardless of the result in Copenhagen they are determined to reduce their greenhouse gas emissions, but they want to do that on a way that serves better the interest of their nations.
I believe – and I have mention this before- that a global deal is the best way to fight climate change, but if this deal is not backed up by a variety of efforts at the national, regional, and local levels, there is not guarantee that will work well, and it will take too long to produce positive results.
The last few months we have seen many governments to response locally to climate change and many countries to sign bilateral agreements.
Last month, on his weekly radio program Coffee with the President, the Brazilian President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva said that Brazil will offer to reduce the pace of deforestation in Brazil’s Amazon rain forest by 80 percent by 2020, in other words, Brazil will emit some 4.8 billion fewer tons of carbon dioxide gas.
China and India have also signed a memorandum in order to coordinate their approach to climate negotiations and some domestic policies, such as deforestation (The Guardian). Also, on 4th November, the Center for American Progress launched a report with the Asia Society, “A Roadmap for U.S.-China Collaboration on Carbon Capture and Sequestration” which sets out a detailed plan for how US and China can mutually benefit from working together to achieve greater emissions reductions than they can alone.